A pack of Mexican gray wolves trot across the southwest desert at dusk. They stop to howl, claiming their territory.
Smallest of the Gray Wolf subspecies: 54-66 inches in length from snout to tail, weight is 50-90 lbs (22-40 kg). Coat is a varied mixture of tan, red, white, and black fur. Generally light in color on lower muzzle, chest, and underbelly. Head, shoulders and back are darker in color.
Threats: habitat loss, human-wildlife conflict
The Zoo is tackling today's most complex and pressing human-wildlife conservation issues with conservation partners in more than a dozen countries around the world.
After almost going extinct in its native range, this rare, genetically distinct subspecies was re-introduced in 1998. Now there are estimated to be 40-50 individuals in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico.
Similar to other species of gray wolf. Lives in packs and communicates with scent marking, body posturing, and vocalizations such as howling.
Both male and female take part in raising the young. Pups are born blind and deaf; weighing approximately 450g (1 lb) they gain as much as 3 lbs per week for the first 14 weeks. After 11 days, the eyes open and are blue in color until they become gold between 8-16 weeks. Teeth begin to erupt at 15 days and the young receive meat regurgitated by adults, weaned by 8-10 weeks of age. Body and coat begins to resemble an adult's at around 4 weeks old, sexual maturity occurs by 22 months.