The Oriental fire-bellied toad spends the summer in the cold clear streams of the eastern Chinese mountains. In the fall, it finds wet, soft soil to hibernate, so it can survive the cold mountain winters.
Dull brown gray to bright green back dotted with black spots and covered with rough warts or tubercles. The smooth belly is red or orange-red. It has a small round head and large eyes with triangular pupils. Males are distinguished from females by their generally rougher back and thicker forearms. They reach a maximum of about 2 inches.
The Zoo is protecting amphibians in partnership with Amphibian Ark.
When threatened, this toad assumes the 'unken reflex' position. It arches its back and limbs, turns over on its back, and exposes its bright belly. 'Unke' is its name in German.
It is aquatic throughout spring and summer, then buries itself in soft ground for winter. They live in a variety of landscapes. This toad hibernates from late September/October to late April/May.
Occurs between May and October. Breeding pairs are formed randomly, with long reproductive periods because females deposit eggs at different times. Eggs hatch usually between early June to late July, with complete metamorphosis done by the end of August or late September.